Ah yes, feminist waves. So there have been three waves of feminism so far in modern times. The first wave of feminism in the United States began in the 19th century around the 1840’s with the culmination of achieving the women’s right to vote in 1920. This was in the US. Other countries have other stats. That achievement in the US came with the ratification of the 19th amendment to the Constitution. There is a reference below. I’m not going to go into the details here because there are so many. But the reading is fascinating. The sheer number of types of suffrage and the ways that voting can be and still is restricted here in the US and in other places around the world is astounding. There are and have been age restrictions, residency, criminality, race, gender, citizenship, wealth, and education restrictions just to name a few. Some of these still exist in countries around the world.
It is interesting to note that there was a split in the US women’s movement in 1869. There was a political faction that wanted the women’s right to vote amendment in addition to the 15th amendment which prohibited the denial of suffrage because of race. This was a civil war reconstruction amendment as were the 13th and 14th amendments. And I quote from the text in Wikipedia on this topic, source in the show notes, “Stanton and Anthony opposed its passage unless it was accompanied by another amendment that would prohibit the denial of suffrage because of sex. They said that by effectively enfranchising all men while excluding all women, the amendment would create an “aristocracy of sex” by giving constitutional authority to the idea that men were superior to women.” Now that is an interesting statement that it would create an “aristocracy of sex” by giving constitutional authority to the idea that men were superior to women.
So where did the idea that men were superior to women originate. They apparently spoke of it during this time as if it were common knowledge or a common idea.
And here is where I departed from the common narrative of the time. Listen and find out how crazy I got.
- 1st Wave Feminism
- 2nd Wave Feminism
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs